430 The Bible According to Einstein
Chapter VII: Bacteria
And one man built a house, dug deep,
Now microbes were among Nature’s most basic and most early forms of life. In the beginning more than three-and-a-half-billion years ago, there were primitive hyperthermophiles, microorganisms that thrived in extremely heated waters. And with time, microbes evolved. And what was their phylogenic tree? Embryonic microbes branched out to two main types: archaea and bacteria. And archaea would survive more than three-billion years of biological battles to become a modern phylogenic kingdom. They would dwell in the harshest of environments hot springs, extremely salty waters, sulfurous pools, in mineral-laden sea-deep vents, and in ecosystems almost devoid of diatomic oxygen. They would be the great survivors, living where no others could. Now after several hundred-million years, the primordial hyperthermophilic archaea would branch into methanogens, which produce methane as a waste, and hydrogen-sulfide feeding microorganisms, which use sulfur instead of oxygen for metabolic processing. Eventually after hundreds of millions of years, some archaea would evolve to salt-loving halophiles, among which would be halobacteria, capable of performing photosynthesis based on carotenoids, yellow pigments that function as a weaker form of chlorophyll.132 And some species of methanogens, halophiles, archaeal hyperthermophiles and mineral-processing archaea would survive several billion years and unto this day. Now bacteria would have an even more "successful" history. Not only would they survive in harsh environments, but they would spread throughout the World. After several hundred-million years, green bacteria would emerge, some using sulfur in their metabolic processes, others using chlorophyll to photosynthesize. Now eventually, cyanobacteria would arise, which not only photosynthesized but produced O2 as waste.133 And later, purple photosynthetic bacteria emerged.134 And species of cyanobacteria as well as thermophilic, green and purple bacteria would survive for billions of years to become a modern phylogenic kingdom.
132 Chlorophyll is the green pigments in a plant that photosynthesize.
The Old Testament 431
Now it would take almost two-billion years for a third group of microbes to emerge. They would be the eukaryotic microorganisms with sophisticated cells. And they too would survive unto this day. Hence, in modern times there would be three main types of microbes: archaea, bacteria, and eukarya.
Microbes have built the strongest house.